In Pumzi the concept of race plays an important role in the society of the Maitu Community. It seems that there is an established hierarchy in place, with those who fall under the category of having lighter skin rendered subservient to the dark skinned, and thus more pure blooded Africans. In this caste system there is no possibility for advancement for those trapped in the subservient class. My paper will explore race relations in Afro Futurism and will argue that racism and oppression is a by product of any dominant ethnic group’s rise to power.

Preliminary Bibliography

  • Cohen-Marks, Mara A., and Jim Faught. “Perceptions of Race Relations in Contexts of Ethnic Diversity and Change.”Sociological Perspectives53.1 (2010): 73-98. Web.

  • Conclusion: Apartheid, Democracy, and the Urban Future”. “Conclusion: Apartheid, Democracy, and the Urban Future”. Cape Town After Apartheid: Crime and Governance in the Divided City. NED – New edition. University of Minnesota Press, 2011. 180–196. Web…

  • Eshun, Kodwo. “Further Considerations of Afrofuturism.”CR: The New Centennial Review3.2 (2003): 287-302. Web.

  • Interracial Reconciliation”. “Interracial Reconciliation”.Overcoming Apartheid: Can Truth Reconcile a Divided Nation?. Russell Sage Foundation, 2004. 117–175. Web.

  • Womack, Ytasha. Afrofuturism: The World of Black Sci-fi and Fantasy Culture. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.