The subgenre I will do my literature review on will be that of “Hard Science Fiction”.

The four scholarly sources I have picked out at this point are:

  1. Chown, Marcus. “Is science fiction dying?; Will the furious pace of scientic discovery and the morphing of sci-fi themes into mainstream literature cause science fiction to die out?.” New Scientist. (November 15, 2008 ): 1258 words. LexisNexis Academic. Web. Date Accessed: 2015/09/01.

  2. Brown, Paige. “A Mobius Strip of Scientific Imagination.” EMBO Press. Science and Society, 2013. Web. 1 Sept. 2015.

  3. Schmidt, P. A., Jr. (2010). Terraforming: An investigation of the boundaries between science and hard science fiction (Order No. 3408434). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (610111817). Retrieved from

4. Verne to Varley: Hard SF Evolves
Gregory Benford
Science Fiction Studies
Vol. 32, No. 1, A Jules Verne Centenary (Mar., 2005), pp. 163-171
Published by: SF-TH Inc
Stable URL:


The one primary source I have picked out at this point is Stanislaw Lem’s 1961 novel, Solaris.